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What is CBT?


Cognitive Behaviour Therapy essentially examines the link between thoughts, feelings, behaviour and body state. For example, we may have negative self-critical thoughts and hold global assumptions and beliefs about our personal worth based on very few facts or upon a distorted memory recall of past performance or relationships. This may effect our mood and behaviour and could leave us vulnerable to depression. We can change the way we feel by changing the way we think and that is essentially what CBT sets out to do.


CBT is a structured and active approach involving an equal partnership between therapist and client focusing upon change mainly in the here-and-now (though some history may be required to gain a full understanding). The client may be required to complete agreed homework tasks between sessions.



Further information may be gained from the British Association of Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy (BABCP) web site.


EMDR follows a carefully designed and tested set of protocols. Its style is less “chatty” than CBT and it looks very quirky, but the literature shows very good outcomes. EMDR is an evidence-based therapy and is supported by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) that governs clinical standards of the NHS.


Further information can be found on the EMDR (Uk & Ireland) Web site.


Some useful self-help books (available on Amazon):

What is EMDR?


EMDR (Eye movement Desensitisation & Reprocessing) is a neurologically-based therapy designed initially for PTSD but has since been developed for a wide range of other psychological conditions.


Essentially EMDR involves bi-lateral stimulation of the centre part of the brain (achieved by creating eye movement, by tapping on a left and right part of the body e.g. Hands, or playing sounds in the left then right ear). This stimulation activates the part of the brain that is responsible for processing trauma memories that are in turn responsible for flashbacks. The trauma memories become linked up with other memory networks and become reduced down until they can be filed away with other memories. Previously the client tried to push memories away in a metaphorical filing cabinet drawer and they wouldn’t fit and spilled out uncontrollably. Now they do fit and can be filed away neatly.