Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
essentially examines the link between thoughts, feelings, behaviour
and body state. For example, we may have negative self-critical
thoughts and hold global assumptions and beliefs about our personal
worth based on very few facts or upon a distorted memory recall of
past performance or relationships. This may effect our mood and
behaviour and could leave us vulnerable to depression. We can change
the way we feel by changing the way we think and that is essentially
what CBT sets out to do.
CBT is a structured and
active approach involving an equal partnership between therapist and
client focusing upon change mainly in the here-and-now
(though some history may be required to gain a full understanding).
The client may be required to complete agreed homework tasks between
EMDR follows a carefully
designed and tested set of protocols. Its style is less “chatty”
than CBT and it looks very quirky, but the literature shows very
good outcomes. EMDR is an evidence-based therapy and is
supported by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE)
that governs clinical standards of the NHS.
Some useful self-help books
(available on Amazon):
What is EMDR?
EMDR (Eye movement
Desensitisation & Reprocessing) is a neurologically-based
therapy designed initially for PTSD but has since been developed for
a wide range of other psychological conditions.
Essentially EMDR involves bi-lateral
stimulation of the centre part of the brain (achieved by creating
eye movement, by tapping on a left and right part of the body e.g.
Hands, or playing sounds in the left then right ear). This
stimulation activates the part of the brain that is responsible for
processing trauma memories that are in turn responsible for
flashbacks. The trauma memories become linked up with other memory
networks and become reduced down until they can be filed away with
other memories. Previously the client tried to push memories away in
a metaphorical filing cabinet drawer and they wouldn’t fit and
spilled out uncontrollably. Now they do fit and can be filed away